HUE IMPERIAL CITY

HUE IMPERIAL CITY

The Hue Imperial city (Hoàng Thành) lies 100 km from Danang, which was once the former capital of Vietnam. Danang (Da Nang, Đà Nẵng) is the third largest city in Vietnam, located on the shores of the Chinese coast between Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, with approximately 800 km from both cities.

HUE IMPERIAL CITADEL. In 1802 Emperor Gia Long founded Nguyen Dynasty and changed Hanoi to Hue. His idea was to reunification North and South Vietnam and he began the construction of the Hue Citadel. The Hue flourished where the rulers tried to fight for the increasing influence of France at any cost. In the year 1885 the French forces responded to an attack of North Vietnam and attacked the Hue Citadel, they burning down the royal library, and collected all precious from citadel. The royal goverment remained in Hue, but they was no longer invited to events of national importance and to various holidays. During the 1968 all world attention was again given to Hue. Although the Americans focused exclusively on protecting the Khe Sanh military base, the North Vietnamese and Viet-Kong troops captured Hue. It was a main news theme in the press all over the world. During the three-and-a-half week period when North Vietnam controlled the citadel, more than 2,500 people were killed (eg, soldiers, wealthy merchants, government employees, monks, priests and other intellectuals). They named them lackeys, who have a blood debt. The United States and South Vietnam responded by sweeping all the neighboring quarters from the ground completely, where they also used a napalm bomb. About 10,000 people were killed in Hue city, including thousands of Viet-kong soliders, 400 South Vietnamese soldiers, 150 US Marines and all the rest were civilians.

HUE HISTORY

In 1802 Emperor Gia Long founded Nguyen Dynasty and changed Hanoi to Hue. His idea was to reunification North and South Vietnam and he began the construction of the Hue Citadel. The Hue flourished where the rulers tried to fight for the increasing influence of France at any cost. In the year 1885, the French forces responded to an attack of North Vietnam and attacked the Hue Citadel, they burned down the royal library and collected all precious from the citadel. The royal government remained in Hue, but they were no longer invited to events of national importance and to various holidays.

HUE ROYAL LIBRARY. Royal Library or Emperor's Reading Room (Thai Binh Lau) decorated with ceramic mosaics in the Forbidden Purple City, Hue Citadel / Imperial City

During 1968 all world attention was again given to Hue. Although the Americans focused exclusively on protecting the Khe Sanh military base, the North Vietnamese and Viet-Kong troops captured Hue.
With three-and-a-half week period when North Vietnam controlled the citadel, more than 2,500 people were killed (eg, soldiers, government employees, monks, and other intellectuals). They named them lackeys, who have a blood debt. The United States and South Vietnam responded by sweeping all the neighboring quarters from the ground completely, where they also used a napalm bomb. Around 10,000 people were killed in Hue city.

Source: vietravel.ee

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Danang International airport (DAD, sân bay Đà Nẵng ) is the third busiest airport in the Vietnam. Located at 16°02′38″N 108°11′58″E 33 feet (10 meters) above sea level, on the shore of the South China Sea between Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh,Hoi An Ancient Town is UNESCO heritage site, since 1990. Located in Vietnam, in the province of Quang Nam, only 30 km from Danang. Hoi An was known as a cargo harbor from the 15th to 19th century. Although the port of Hoi An was officially founded by Lord Nguyen in 1595, these areas have previously been inhabited at least 2200 years ago. Hoi An Ancient Town (會安) translates as "peaceful meeting place". In English and other European languages, the town was known historically as Faifo. This word is derived from Vietnamese Hội An phố (the town of Hội An), which was shortened to "Hoi-pho", and then to "Faifo". Originally, Hai Pho was a divided town with the Japanese settlement across the "Japanese Bridge" (16th-17th century). The bridge (Chùa cầu) is a unique covered structure built by the Japanese, the only known covered bridge with a Buddhist temple attached to one side. Hoi An port loses its shine when the European shipbuilding evolved and they were able to get into the Danang Bay by large merchant ships. Moreover, the Danang became the main port for trade in central Vietnam. Large merchant ships arrived from Thailand, Indonesia, Philippines, Spain, Portugal, Netherlands, United Kingdom and from America. The first Christian missionaries also visited the Hoi An, which made Hoi An the first city in Vietnam, that encountered Christianity.