HOI AN ANCIENT TOWN

HOI AN ANCIENT TOWN

Hoi An Ancient Town is the UNESCO World Heritage site, since 1990. Located in Vietnam, in the province of Quang Nam, only 30 km from Danang. Hoi An Ancient Town was known as a cargo harbor from the 15th to 19th century. Although the port of Hoi An was officially founded by Lord Nguyen in 1595, these areas have previously been inhabited at least 2200 years ago.

Hoi An Ancient Town is UNESCO World Heritage site, since 1990. Located in Vietnam, in the province of Quang Nam, only 30 km from Danang. Hoi An was known as a cargo harbor from the 15th to 19th century. Although the port of Hoi An was officially founded by Lord Nguyen in 1595, these areas have previously been inhabited at least 2200 years ago. Hội An (會安) translates as "peaceful meeting place". In English and other European languages, the town was known historically as Faifo. This word is derived from Vietnamese Hội An phố (the town of Hội An), which was shortened to "Hoi-pho", and then to "Faifo". Originally, Hai Pho was a divided town with the Japanese settlement across the "Japanese Bridge" (16th-17th century). The bridge (Chùa cầu) is a unique covered structure built by the Japanese, the only known covered bridge with a Buddhist temple attached to one side.

PEACEFUL MEETING PLACE

Hoi An (Hội An – 會安) translates as “peaceful meeting place”. In English and other European languages, the town was known historically as Faifo. This word is derived from Vietnamese Hội An phố (the town of Hội An), which was shortened to “Hoi-pho”, and then to “Faifo”. Originally, Hai Pho was a divided town with the Japanese settlement across the “Japanese Bridge” (16th-17th century). The bridge (Chùa cầu) is a unique covered structure built by the Japanese, the only known covered bridge with a Buddhist temple attached to one side.

Japanese Bridge in Hoi An Ancient Town. Originally, Hai Pho was a divided town with the Japanese settlement across the "Japanese Bridge" (16th-17th century). The bridge (Chùa cầu) is a unique covered structure built by the Japanese, the only known covered bridge with a Buddhist temple attached to one side. Hoi An port loses its shine when the European shipbuilding evolved and they were able to get into the Danang Bay by large merchant ships. Moreover, the Danang became the main port for trade in central Vietnam. Large merchant ships arrived from Thailand, Indonesia, Philippines, Spain, Portugal, Netherlands, United Kingdom and from America. The first Christian missionaries also visited the Hoi An, which made Hoi An the first city in Vietnam, that encountered Christianity.

Hoi An port loses its shine when the European shipbuilding evolved and they were able to get into the Danang Bay by large merchant ships. Moreover, the Danang became slowly the main port for trade, in central Vietnam. Large merchant ships arrived from Thailand, Indonesia, Philippines, Spain, Portugal, Netherlands, United Kingdom and from America. The first Christian missionaries also visited the Hoi An, which made Hoi An the first city in Vietnam, that encountered Christianity.

Source: vietravel.ee

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HUE IMPERIAL CITY The Imperial city (Hoàng Thành) lies in the city of Hue, which was once the former capital of Vietnam. The Hue Imperial city is 100 km from Danang (Da Nang, Đà Nẵng), the third largest city in Vietnam, located on the shores of the Chinese coast between Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, with approximately 800 km from both cities. HUE HISTORY In 1802 Emperor Gia Long founded Nguyen Dynasty and changed Hanoi to Hue. His idea was to reunification North and South Vietnam and he began the construction of the Hue Citadel. The Hue flourished where the rulers tried to fight for the increasing influence of France at any cost. In the year 1885 the French forces responded to an attack of North Vietnam and attacked the Hue Citadel, they burning down the royal library, and collected all precious from citadel. The royal goverment remained in Hue, but they was no longer invited to events of national importance and to various holidays. During the 1968 all world attention was again given to Hue. Although the Americans focused exclusively on protecting the Khe Sanh military base, the North Vietnamese and Viet-Kong troops captured Hue. It was a main news theme in the press all over the world. During the three-and-a-half week period when North Vietnam controlled the citadel, more than 2,500 people were killed (eg, soldiers, wealthy merchants, government employees, monks, priests and other intellectuals). They named them lackeys, who have a blood debt. The United States and South Vietnam responded by sweeping all the neighboring quarters from the ground completely, where they also used a napalm bomb. About 10,000 people were killed in Hue city, including thousands of Viet-kong soliders, 400 South Vietnamese soldiers, 150 US Marines and the rest were civilians. The memoirs of journalist Gavin Young from 1997.Hanoi is the capital of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. It’s located in the Red River Delta, in the center of North Vietnam. The population in 2015 was estimated at 7.7 million people. The city lies on the right bank of the Red River. Hanoi is 1,760 km (1,090 mi) north of Ho Chi Minh City and 120 km (75 mi) west of Haiphong. Hanoi is a sacred land of Vietnam. In the 3rd century BC, Co Loa (actually belonging to Dong Anh District) was chosen as the capital of the Au Lac Nation of Thuc An Duong Vuong (the King Thuc). Hanoi later became the core of the resistance movements against the Northern invasions.