Ho Chi Minh City, formerly Saigon is the largest and busiest city in southern Vietnam. It is also called the economic capital of the country and home for 10 million people. The city lies on the banks of the Saigon River, 19 meters above sea level, with an area of 2,095 km². Through the city passes the Saigon River and therefore boats and ships are an important form of transportation. From Saigon, you can easily reach the Mekong Delta and to the coastal beach resorts, Vung Tau and Mui Ne.

An excellent tourist destination Saigon is full of contrast between tradition and modernity, poverty and wealth. Many buildings, especially in the center, were built during the colonial period. The city offers many historical sights, delicious food, and is an excellent shopping spot. It’s no surprise that Saigon exudes youthful, and inventive energy. This dynamic spirit shines through in quirky cafes, innovative cuisine, and boutiques. And when you need a breather from all that’s new and fabulous, it’s easy to find quiet moments in crumbling colonial buildings, museums, and art galleries, for instance.

Besides, the Ho Chi Minh city received its current name only in 1976. Saigon was the capital of the French colony of Cochinchina and later of the independent republic of South Vietnam, from 1955–75. On July 2, 1976, upon the formal establishment of the modern-day the new government renamed the city to Thanh pho Ho Chi Minh. It is noteworthy that the new name of the city is used only for official purposes, and the indigenous people still continue to call it Saigon.


The city has a tropical climate, specifically a tropical savanna climate, with an average humidity of 78–82%. The year is divided into two distinct seasons. Raining season starts from May to November and the dry season from December to April. The average annual temperature is 28 °.

Read more: Mui Ne – Phan Thiet cityHanoi Vietnam capital city

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