Hanoi is the capital of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. It’s located in the Red River Delta, in the center of North Vietnam. The population in 2015 was estimated at 7.7 million people. The city lies on the right bank of the Red River. Hanoi is 1,760 km (1,090 mi) north of Ho Chi Minh City and 120 km (75 mi) west of Haiphong. Hanoi is a sacred land of Vietnam. In the 3rd century BC, Co Loa (actually belonging to Dong Anh District) was chosen as the capital of the Au Lac Nation of Thuc An Duong Vuong (the King Thuc). Hanoi later became the core of the resistance movements against the Northern invasions.
Located in the middle of the Red River Delta, the town has gradually expanded to become a very populous and rich residential center. At different periods, Hanoi had been selected as the capital city of Vietnam under the Northern domination. In the autumn of Canh Tuat lunar years (1010), Ly Thai To, the founder of the Ly Dynasty (1010-1225), decided to transfer the capital from Hoa Lu to Dai La, and so he re-capitalized it Thang Long (Soaring Dragon). The year 1010 then became a historical date for Hanoi and for the whole country in general. For about a thousand years, the capital was called Thang Long, then changing to Dong Do, Dong Kinh, and finally to Hanoi, in 1831. This sacred piece of land thereafter continued to be the theater of many fateful events.
Hanoi nightlife and culture
Hanoi does not have the high-energy nightlife of Ho Chi Minh City. However, the unique blend of modern and traditional, eastern and European, and the colorful local culture can make for a number of exciting evenings
When to visit Hanoi?
Because Hanoi is located in the northern region of Vietnam, it experiences all four seasons. This means winters are cold, summers are hot, and spring and autumn are the most comfortable seasons temperature-wise. Rainy season is from April to October with June, July, and August getting the most rainfall. Generally, if your goal is to enjoy the most comfortable temperatures and the least amount of rainfall, you’ll want to visit Hanoi in either March and April or September to November.
Things to do
There is a never-ending list of things to do in Hanoi, Vietnam’s capital city. If you’re wondering where to go to Hanoi. Here are the best things to do in Hanoi.
HANOI SIGHTSEEING SPOTS
Take A Stroll Around Hoan Kiem Lake. Hoan Kiem Lake (Sword Lake, Ho Guom) is located in the center of Hanoi. Legend has it that Emperor Lê Lợi was fishing on Hoan Kiem Lake when a turtle god came and asked for his magic sword. Emperor Lê Lợi gave the sword to turtle and turtle disappeared with the sword into the deep depths of the lake, where the sword lies until to nowadays. Today, Hoan Kiem lake is the Hanoi’s heart and soul where Hanoians like to spend its free time.
Visit the Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum. Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum is the final resting place, for Uncle Ho, located in Hanoi, in Ba Dinh Square. Ho Chi Minh was a freedom fighter, strategist and the greatest leader of Vietnam in modern history. Ho Chi Minh was born, as Nguyen Sinh Cung, on 2nd September 1890, in Hoàng Tru Village. Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum is one of the most popular sightseeing, in Hanoi.
Visit the Citadel of Hanoi. The Imperial Citadel of Thang Long lies in the center of Hanoi, also known as Hanoi Citadel. Citadel was the hub of Vietnamese military more than 1000 years. The Thang Long Imperial Citadel was built in the 11th century by the Ly Viet Dynasty, marking the independence of the Dai Viet. It was constructed on the remains of a Chinese fortress dating from the 7th century, on drained land reclaimed from the Red River Delta in Hanoi. It was the center of regional political power for almost 13 centuries without interruption.
Explore the Hoa Lo Prison. Hoa Lo prison, nicknamed as Hanoi Hilton is the museum in nowadays. Was used actively as a prison during the French occupation, and during the Vietnam War to accommodate American pilots.
Watch A Show at The Opera House. Resembling the Opéra de Paris, Hanoi Opera House built in 1911 by two French architects. Hanoi Opera House is a magnificent landmark and top sightseeing in Hanoi hosting cultural entertaining performances, bamboo cirque, contemporary dance, orchestra concerts and government events. The Hanoi Opera House Schedule and tickets are available at ticketvn.com
Visit The Temple of Literature. Temple of Literature (Văn Miếu – Quốc Tử Giám) in Hanoi was founded almost 1 000 years ago located up to 3 km from Hoan Kiem Lake, which is one of the oldest and most important monuments in the city. Temple of Literature was founded in 1070 by Emperor Ly Thanh Tong and is dedicated to the Chinese philosopher Confucius.
Watch a Water Puppet Show. Thang Long Water Puppet Theatre. Water puppetry is a tradition that dates back as far as the 11th century and it’s a folk art form that characterizes the Vietnamese’s ancient rice civilization.
Address: 57B Đinh Tiên Hoàng, Hàng Bạc, Hoàn Kiếm, Hà Nội 100000. Website: Thang Long Water Puppetry Theatre
Wander The Streets of The Old Quarter and Drink Beer With The Locals. The Old Quarter is Hanoi’s charming central neighborhood and has been in existence since imperial times. Steeped in history, pulsating with life, bubbling with commerce, buzzing with motorbikes and rich in exotic scents, the Old Quarter is Hanoi’s, historic heart.
Visit Tran Quoc Pagoda. Hanoi Tran Quoc Pagoda is the oldest pagoda constructed more than 1,450 years ago by the Emperor Lý Nam Đế. Over the years, the temple was variously named An Quoc (Pacification of the Realm) and Tran Bac (Guardian of the North) as well. Monks have lived at the Trấn Quốc Pagoda for centuries, teaching the ways of Buddhism to the public.